Benefits of Believing in The Qadaa and Qadr …

In the name of Allah, all praise is due to He, The One. I send peace and blessings upon his final messenger (Al-Mustafa), and upon his family, companions, and those that followed him in righteousness until The Day of Resurrection (Youm Al-Qiyaamah). To proceed:

The Meaning of Qadaa and Qadr:

Qadr is the decree of Allah (jalla wa ‘ala — mighty and high) for things, what he wants with them and finding them at that time this is the meaning of Qadr and is also the meaning of Qadaa.

Usually the [two] phrases come [together], Qadaa and Qadr. There is no difference between the two, except that Qadaa is more vast than Qadr. This is because Qadaa comes meaning Qadr, that Allah decreed everything and ruled for it [to take place]. It (Qadaa) also comes meaning: the separation between two people and ruling between them in what they differ in.

“إِنَّ رَبَّكَ يَقْضِي بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فِيمَا كَانُوا فِيهِ يَخْتَلِفُونَ”

“Verily, Your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection about that wherein they used to differ” (1)

Therefore Qadaa is more vast than Qadr and between the two is general and specific.

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Believing in Qadaa and Qadr has great benefits. THE FIRST BENEFIT (and the greatest of them): Completion of the pillars of Iman. So, indeed whoever denies Qadaa and Qadr has not completed [one’s belief in] the pillars of Iman. The Prophet ﷺ explained Iman as, “Belief in Allah, His angles, His Messengers, and belief in the Qadr — the good and the bitter.”

THE SECOND BENEFIT: The servant is persistent and does not surrender to delusions and fear. No, rather one is persistent and says, “Whatever Allah decreed will be, whether I sit [and do nothing (i.e., act)] or don’t sit.”

And with this, Allah described the conditions of the hypocrites on the day of Uhud (2). He said,

“(They are) the ones who said about their killed brethren while they themselves sat (at home): “If only they had listened to us, they would not have been killed.” Say: “Avert death from your ownselves, if you speak the truth.”” (3)

Thus, sitting at home does not prohibit one from dying, just as going out for Jihad does not necessitate that one will die. Death will not take place if Allah does not decree it. It (Jihad) is a means, but if Allah did not decree it then one will not be harmed and [one’s desire of death] will not be fulfilled.

How many people go into battle and leave peacefully unharmed? This [is like what happened to] Khalid ibn Waleed (radiAllahu ‘anhu) (4). At the time of his death he said, “There is not a single place on my body except there is a scare or bruise.” He used to wish to die as a martyr and participated in many great battles, longing to die for the sake of Allah, but Allah didn’t decree that for him. Believing in the Qadaa and Qadr call to bravery, courage, and having Tawakkul (trust/reliance) in Allah (subhaanahu wa ta’ala). As for sitting [around (i.e., not doing anything)], there is no prosperity in it. The Most high said,

“Say: “Even if you had remained in your homes, those for whom death was decreed would certainly have gone forth to the place of their death.” (5)

He [also] said,

“Wherever you may be, death will overtake you – even though you be in towers raised high.” (6)

Therefore Qadaa has to be executed and carried out and there is no benefit in a person sitting [around] and procrastinating on taking beneficial means and withholding from harmful means. Thus, this calls one to be strong, courageous, and have belief in Allah (jalla wa ‘ala). It also deters from doubt, delusion, and pessimism that have befallen many people. In addition to deterring from Satanic whispering (Waswasa)

With this, the people of Iman do not delay seeking that which has good in it and is of benefit because they believe in Qadaa and Qadr. They do not say, “We fear death or being killed.” If death is decreed for you, it will come to you, even if you don’t go it it [i.e., do something with high fatality risk]. And if it isn’t decreed for you, then it will never come to you, even if you are in the most severe of dangers.

THE THIRD BENEFIT: If a person is stricken with a calamity he does not worry, because he believes this is the Qadaa of Allah. This eases those things that accompany calamities [ex: anxiety and depression]. Therefore, a person should not worry, slap his cheeks, tear his shirt, or supplicate with a supplication of Jahiliyah (pre-Islamic ignorance). Rather, be patient and take things in account, as The Most High said,

“And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.). Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: “Truly! To Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.” They are those on whom are the Salawat (i.e. blessings, etc.) (i.e. who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided-ones.” (7)

Those who have been stricken with a calamity do not blame themselves and say, “The reason is this or that.” Rather is pleased with the decree of Allah.

Indeed the calamity, from whatever occurrence that that may be, is from the decree of Allah. That which was decreed by Allah happens [only] by Allah’s permission. Then they say, “إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ — To Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return”, as it came it came in the statement of The Prophet ﷺ, “If you have been stricken with something don’t say, “If I had done this” or “If it was like this or that.” Rather say, “قَدَّرَ الله و ما  شاء فَعَلَ — It is what Allah decreed, and what he wills happens.” This eases one’s calamities, so he is pleased with the decree of Allah.

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(1) Surah Al-Jaathiya 45:17 | TN: I put the Arabic text of the Ayah so you could see the word “يَقْضِي” and how it was translated to “judge” in English, proving the linguistic meaning.

(2) TN: The day of Uhud was the day the second battle in the history of Islam took place. It was also the first loss of the Muslim army ever to take place.

(3) Surah Aali Imran 3:168

(4) TN: Khalid ibn Waleed was a companion of The Prophet ﷺ as well as one of the greatest warriors and leaders of the Muslim Army in the history of Islam. For a more in depth biography: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khalid_ibn_al-Walid

(5) Surah Aali Imran 3:154

(6) Surah Nisa 4:78

(7) Surah Al-Baqarah 2:155-157

Taken from: Sharh Manthoomah Al-Haiya of Imam Ibn Abi Daud by Shaykh Saalih Al-Fowzaan. page 135, 148-150

And all prays due to Allah the lord of the worlds, and the peace and blessings upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and his companions.

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Translated by:

Abdul-Malik Merchant

Umm al-Qura University

Makkah Al-Mukarramah, KSA

Shawwal 28, 1431 — September 26, 2010

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About Abdul-Malik Merchant
A student at Umm al-Qura University, but nowhere NEAR a scholar. Just a normal dude who was blessed with a wonderful opportunity

One Response to Benefits of Believing in The Qadaa and Qadr …

  1. Pingback: Benefits of Believing in The Qadaa and Qadr | al Balad al Ameen

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