Venerating the Month of Allaah, i.e. Muharram

In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, Most Merciful. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, companions and all those who follow him in goodness until the Day of Resurrection. As for what follows;

Sheikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen, may Allaah’s mercy be upon him, says:

“O’ people! Fear Allaah, the Most High, and venerate your month, i.e. Muharram, with the obedience of your Lord because Allaah has honored it and made it virtuous. The Prophet, may peace and blessings be upon him, said: “The best fast after Ramadan is the month of Allaah, Muharram.”[Muslim]

It is one of the four sacred months wherein acts of obedience and abandoning sins are highly emphasized. Allaah, the Most High, says:

“…of them four are sacred (Muharram, Rajab, Dhul-Qi’dah, Dhul-Hijjah). That is the right religion, so wrong yourselves not therein.” [9:36]

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah, may Allaah be pleased with him, said: “When the Prophet, may peace and blessings be upon him, arrived in Al-Medinah he found that the Jews would fast the tenth of Muharram. So he said: “What is this?” They said: “This is a great day, Allaah saved Moosaa, peace be upon him, and the Children of Israel in it and Moosaa would fast it (so this is why we fast it).”

The Prophet, may peace and blessings be upon him, said: “We have more right to Moosaa than you do.” So he fasted it and ordered the poeple to do the same.[Bukhaari and Muslim]

And he, may peace and blessings be upon him, said: “Fasting the tenth of Muharram expiates the (minor) sins of the previous year.”[Muslim]

So fast the ninth and tenth of Muharram, may Allaah have mercy upon you all, so that your (minor) sins (of the last year) can be expiated and follow the guidance of your Prophet, may peace and blessings be upon him. And whoever has difficulty fasting and Allaah knows that if it wasn’t for this reason he would fast, then let him rejoice with receiving the reward from The King, All-Knowing, especially if he regularly would fast these days, i.e. the ninth and tenth of Muharram each year.

Because the Messenger, may peace and blessings be upon him, said: “Whoever becomes sick or travels will have the reward of that which he does while he is healthy and present.[Bukhaari]

On the tenth of Muharram, Allaah saved Moosaa, may peace be upon him, and his people from Fir’aun and his army.

Moosaa invited him to the worship of his Lord however he was arrogant and refused saying:

“I am your lord the most high.”[79:24]

Thereafter he persecuted the Children of Israel for many years and so Moosaa left with his people traveling by the command of Allaah. When Fir’aun awakened and found that they had left his land he became enraged and gathered all of the people to go get them and they caught up to them at sunrise.

When the two groups saw eachother, Moosaa’s group said: “Verily we are caught!” Because there was nowhere for them to go due to the sea being in front of them and Fir’aun and his army behind them.

However Moosaa responded having absolute belief and certainty in Allaah saying: “Nay! Indeed my Lord is with me and will guide me.”

When they reached the Red Sea, Allaah commanded Moosaa to strike it with his staff and behold it spilt into twelve dry pathways and the water on the sides resembled mountains. And thus Moosaa and his people passed through not fearing being captured nor drowning. When they reached the other side, Fir’aun and his army entered the sea and tried to pass through but Allaah revealed to the sea to return to its natural state and they were all drowned.[26:58-67]

My brothers! Look at how Allaah aids those who aid Him and follow his guidance. That aid wasn’t due to their numbers or dwelling places, rather Allaah has promised;

“…and as for the believers it is incumbent upon Us to help them.”[30:47]

Source: Ad-Diyaa’ al-Laami’ min al-Khutub al-Jawaami’ (Vol.6:pg.400-402) by Sheikh al-‘Uthaymeen, may Allaah have mercy upon him.

Transleted by:

Abu Fouzaan Qaasim

Islaamic Unversity of Medinah

Al-Medinah An-Nabawiyyah,KSA

Muharram 3,1433-November 28,2011


About Abu Fouzaan Qaasim
American student studying in the Islaamic University of Medinah from Chester,PA.

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