The Two Types of Fear: Permissible and Impermissible

In the name of Allah (The One). I send the peace and blessings upon his messenger (Al-Mustafa), upon his family, companions, and those who follow him in righteousness until The Day of Judgement (Yowm Al-Qiyaamah). To proceed:

Question: Inform us of the types of fear that a person my feel.

Shaykh Abdul-Aziz bin Baaz (may Allah have mercy upon him) answered: There is no problem with the Muslim to fear natural harmful things like beasts and snakes, so one takes necessary precaution. Likewise, there is no problem for the Muslim to fear his enemy until he prepares in a legislated manner. Allah said in the Quran,

“And prepare against them whatever you are able of power” — Surah Al-Anfal (8) : 60

“Prepare” depending and relying upon Allah while knowing that victory is from him. So the believer takes proper means to prepare because Allah (subhaanahu wa ta’ala — glorified and exalted be he) commanded him with that, not so that he can rely upon those means. Allah (subhaanahu) said,

“[Remember] when you asked help of your Lord, and He answered you, “Indeed, I will reinforce you with a thousand from the angels, following one another. And Allah made it not but good tidings and so that your hearts would be assured thereby. And victory is not but from Allah. Indeed, Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.” —  Surah Al-Anfal (8) : 9-10

As for the type of fear that Allah prohibited, then it is where one fears creation to the point where the person leaves off obligatory acts or commits transgression. With that Allah (subhaanahu) said,

“That is only Satan who frightens [you] of his supporters. So fear them not, but fear Me, if you are [indeed] believers.” — Surah Aali Emran (3) : 175

And this is how fearing other than Allah is from worship, believing that the thing knows the Ghayb (unseen), controls things in the universe, or harms or benefits without the will of Allah as the Mushrikeen (polytheists) believe.

The original Arabic text of this article can be found at: http://twitter.com/#!/Bn_baz/status/155264165479579650/photo/1/large

And the peace and blessings are upon our prophet Muhammad, upon his family and companions.

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About Abdul-Malik Merchant
A student at Umm al-Qura University, but nowhere NEAR a scholar. Just a normal dude who was blessed with a wonderful opportunity

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