Is the Suhoor obligatory or not?

In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, Most Merciful.  All praise is for Allaah and may salutations and blessings be upon the messenger of Allaah, his family and companions. As for what follows;

Questioner: “We hear alot about the suhoor (pre-dawn meal) in the blessed month of Ramadan and the talks that are given in the masaajid that in the suhoor is blessing. However sometimes we don’t have a desire to eat the suhoor because of eating dinner late and thus we leave it off. Are we in sin for doing this or not?”

Sheikh ‘Abdul ‘Azeez bin Baaz, may Allaah have mercy upon him, answers:

“In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, Most Merciful. All praise is for Allaah and may salutations and blessings be upon the messenger of Allaah, his family, companions and whoever follows his guidance. As for what follows;

There’s no doubt that suhoor is a sunnah and something that draws one near to Allaah because the Messenger ordered with that, may peace and blessings be upon him. He said: “Eat the suhoor, for indeed in the suhoor is blessing.”

And he, may peace and blessings be upon him, said: “The difference between our fast and the fast of the People of the Book is the eating of the suhoor.”

The Messenger used to eat the suhoor, may peace and blessings be upon him, so that is the sunnah however it isn’t obligatory. Whoever doesn’t eat the suhoor there is no sin upon him, rather he left off a sunnah. So therefore it is befitting to eat the suhoor even if it be something light, it doesn’t have to be a lot of food. Eat the suhoor with whatever is easy be it a few dates or whatever is easy for one. If he can’t or doesn’t want any food then some milk or at the least water, drink some water and do not leave off the suhoor. Because in eating the suhoor is blessing and alot of good. It is a helper and assister for the fasting person upon his actions during the day. So it is befitting for the fasting person to eat the suhoor ever if it be light due to the statement of the Prophet, may peace and blessings be upon him: “Eat the suhoor, for indeed in the suhoor is blessing.”

This is how he said, may peace and blessings be upon him, and this blessing should not be wasted away. It is appropiate for the believer to be diligent in eating the suhoor even if it is something light from food, dates or milk etc so that can aid him upon his religious and worldly duties during the day.”

http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/13463

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About Abu Fouzaan Qaasim
American student studying in the Islaamic University of Medinah from Chester,PA.

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