Eid: Rulings, Etiquettes, Innovations, and Trangressions

In the name of Allah (The One). I send peace and blessings upon His Messenger (Al-Mustafa) and upon His Messenger’s family, companions, and those who follow him in righteousness until the Day of Judgment (Yowm Al-Qiyaamah).

Due to the closeness of ‘Eid Al-Fitr (the first of the two Muslim celebrations which comes after the completion of Ramadan), may Allah allow us and all of the Muslims to live for another one, I mentioned some of the etiquettes and Sunnahs of ‘Eid. Along with that I wanted to point out some of the bid’a (innovations) and sins that have fallen into on ‘Eid as well as the distribution of Zakat Al-Fitr before the ‘Eid prayer. With that I say, success is from Allah and from Him alone I desire aid and assistance.

It is upon you, my Muslim brother, to be diligent in distributing Zakat Al-Fitr that Allah azza wa jal (mighty and majestic) made a purifier for the fasting from the laghw (vain speech) and obscenity before the ‘Eid prayer. You should strive to fulfill your Zakat  from the food of your land in adherence to the direction of the Prophet ﷺ when he made obligatory Zakat Al-Fitr a saa’ (a measurement which is the equivalent of four handfuls) of dates or barley upon the slave, free man, male, female, young, and old Muslim. He ordered that it be fulfilled before the people leave out to the prayer. Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri said, as it comes in Sahih Al-Bukhari, “We used to give out Zakat Al-Fitr as a saa’ of food, barley, dates, yogurt, or raisins.”

‘Eid Al-Fitr is our holiday, the holiday of the Muslims. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said in the story of the two young girls who used to sing for the Prophet ﷺ, “Leave them. For indeed every nation has a holiday and this is our holiday.” [Bukhari]. On the authority of Uqbah ibn Aamir the Prophet ﷺ said, “The day of ‘Arafah (the 9th day of Dhul-Hijja in the Islamic lunar calendar) and Ayaam At-Tashreeq (the 3 days to follow the day of ‘Arafah) are the holidays of the Muslims.”
FROM THE RULINGS AND ETTIQUITES OF ‘EID AL-FITR:

1. The takbeerah (saying of “AllahuAkbar” — Allah is the greatest) on the day of ‘Eid. It starts and finishes with the ‘Eid prayer. Allah ta’ala (the exalted) stated,

“And [Allah wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.” — Surah Al-Baqarah (2) : 185

The way the takbeerah was affirmed upon the Sahabah (radiAllahu‘anhm  — may Allah be pleased with them), “AllahuAkbar! AllahuAkbar! AllahuAkbar Kabeerah!” and “AllahuAkbar! AllahuAkbar! La Ilaha illAllah! AllahuAkbar wa lillahilHmd!” It’s preferable to start with it (the second one). As for other than that from the different takbeerahs I have not found a chain (of narration) for them.

2. Taking a Ghusl (shower) for the ‘Eid prayer, wearing your best clothing, and wearing perfume as well.

3. Eating some dates or other than that before leaving from your house for the ‘Eid Al-Fitr prayer.

4. Verbalizing the takbeerah while going to the ‘Eid prayer.

5. Going to the place of prayer one way and returning a different way.

6. The ‘Eid prayer in an (outdoor) prayer hall (Musallah) is a Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, so be diligent in performing it. And if you prayed in a Masjid for one reason or another then there is no harm.

7. Taking the women and children without leaving anyone, even the menstruating woman and the elderly. He ﷺ ordered the menstruating women to visit the place where the Muslims are praying.

8. Performing the ‘Eid prayer: two rakats (units of prayer), making takbeer (saying AllahuAkbar and raising your hands) seven times (excluding the opening takbeer) and in the second rakat five tabeers before the Fatiha as well. The Imam recites in them Surahs Al-‘Ala and Al-Ghaashiya as it comes in Sahih Muslim on the authority of Nu’man bin Basheer who said, “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ read in the two ‘Eids and Jumu’ahSabbihisma rabika Al-‘Ala’ (Surah Al-‘Ala) and ‘Hel ataaka hadeethul ghaashiya’ (Surah Al-Ghaashiya).”

9. Listening to the khutbah (sermon) that is after the ‘Eid prayer is Sunnah. There is no harm upon those who do not attend the khutbah and stood up (and left) after the prayer.

10. Congratulating is affirmed on the Sahabah (radiAllahu ‘anhu) but it is not affirmed upon the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in any authentic hadeeth. As for on the Sahabah, then it comes in the narration on the authority of Jubayr bin Nafeer who said, “If the companions of the Messenger of Allah met one another on the day of ‘Eid they would say, “Taqabl Allah minna wa minkm — may Allah accept it from us and from you!” [Al-Haafith Ibn Al-Hajr Al-Asqalaani (rahimahullah — May Allah have mercy upon him) said the chain is good].
So be diligent, my Muslim brother, upon staying away from bid’a and disliked acts all the time, as it has been authentically reported upon the Messenger of Allah ﷺ “Every newly invented matter is a bid’a (innovation), every bid’a is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the fire.”

FROM THE BID’A OF ‘EID:

1. Making takbeerah in the Masjid or prayer hall all together where there are two groups, one makes takbeerah and the other answers. This way is something newly invented, and what is desired is that everyone makes takbeerah by himself. If it happens that you end up saying it together, then there is no harm. But the way where one group makes takbeerah and the other listens until their turn comes, then this is a bid’a.

2. Visiting the graves on the day of ‘Eid, and presenting sweets, flowers, and the likes upon the graves, all of that are from the bid’a and newly invented matters that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ did not do. As for visiting the graves without any time specifications, then it is permissible and recommended. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “Visit the graves! For indeed they remind you of the Aakhirah (afterlife).”

3. Exchanging congratulation cards that are called “’Eid cards”. This is from blind following the Christians and their rituals. I heard our Shaykh, the scholar Al-Albaani (may he be immersed in mercy), warned against this. So be diligent, my Muslim brother, to stay away from the way of those who have gained Allah’s anger and misguided so that you will be from the righteous people who tread the Sirat Al-Mustaqeem (straight path).

FROM THE SINS OF ‘EID:

1. The beautification of some men by shaving their beards, what is obligatory is to leave it at all times. It is obligatory that the Muslim thanks his Lord on this day and that he completes his happiness upon obedience, not sin and transgression.

2. The shaking hands between non-family men and women (non-Mahram). This is from the major impermissible acts! It came in an authentic hadeeth, “Indeed being beaten on your head by a piece of metal is better for you than to touch a woman that is not permissible for you to.” [Tabarani and other than him].

3. Extravagantly spending money on fireworks without concern. Its better to spend this money on the poor, widows, orphans, and the needy Muslims. And how many more (in number) and more deserving are they!

4. The wide spread of intoxicants and gambling, in some lands, on the day of ‘Eid; specifically with small children. This is from the major sins and it is upon the fathers to watch after their children on these days and warn them from that.

Taqabal Allah minna wa minkum wa kullu ‘am wa antum bikhayr — May Allah accept it from us and from you and may you be upon goodness all year!

As-Salaamu ‘Alaykum wa RahmatuAllahi wa Barakaatuhu.

Written by: Dr. ‘Aasim ibn Abdullah Al-Qaryuti – 29 Ramadan, 1427 H
Taken from: http://www.saaid.net/mktarat/eid/58.htm


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About Abdul-Malik Merchant
A student at Umm al-Qura University, but nowhere NEAR a scholar. Just a normal dude who was blessed with a wonderful opportunity

4 Responses to Eid: Rulings, Etiquettes, Innovations, and Trangressions

  1. Ummu Dawud says:

    Bismillah ar Rahmaan ar Raheem

    As salaamu alaykum,

    Would you perhaps know if the ulema mentioned when the greeting for eid ‘taqabal Allahu mina wa minkum’ is to be said?

    Is this after maghreb? When meeting eachother before eid salaah? Or after praying eid salaah?

    JazaakumAllahu ghayran.

    • Wa ‘Alaykum As-Salaam wa RahmatuAllah!

      The narration that is mentioned in the article, which is recored by Imam At-Tabaraani in his book “Fath Al-Kabeer“, mentions the day of ‘Eid (which is after Fajr). Imam Abu Dawud mentions that Imam Ahmed said it on the day of ‘Eid and Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen also mentions in his Fatawa it being on the day of ‘Eid. The only thing else I’ve found in my very brief research is Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn At-Taymiya mentioning it being after the ‘Eid prayer.

      In trying to understand the text and the apparent contradiction between the scholars (rahimahumAllah) InshaAllah it’s safe to that since the ‘Eid prayer is held in the early in the morning that there is not contradiction between their statements. For clarity purposes, the statement of Shaykh Al-Islam, of after ‘Eid, does not contradict text narration on the Sahabah nor that of the other scholars because the ‘Eid prayer is held in the morning and saying it the rest of the day is very possible. Wallahu ‘Alim.

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