Rulings about Zakaat al-Fitr

In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, Most Merciful. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and companions. As for what follows;

Question: “What is the ruling of Sadaqah al-Fitr and does one have to pay an excess amount on it? Are the types of this sadaqah enumerated? And if so what are they? Lastly does a man pay it to the people of his household like his wife and maids?”

Sheikh Bin Baaz, may Allaah have mercy upon him, says: “Zakaat al-Fitr is obligatory upon every Muslim whether he/she be young, old, male, female, free or  slave. For it has been authentically reported on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar, may Allaah be pleased with them both, that he said:

“The Messenger of Allaah enjoined the payment of one Sa’a[1] of dates or one Sa’a of barley as Zakat al-Fitr on every Muslim, young and old, male and female, free and slave.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

It does not have any nisaab (excess amount to be paid) rather it is binding upon every Muslim to pay it upon himself and the people of his household from his children, wives and what he possesses from slaves if he has extra food for himself and his family for his night and day. As for the rented maid then his/her zakaat is to be paid by himself unless the renter undertakes the tasks or it has been stipulated upon him.

As for the owned slaved then his zakaat falls on his owner as it has preceded in the hadeeth. It is obligatory to give it from the food of ones country whether it be dates, barley, wheat, grain or other than that according to the more correct statement of the Scholars. Because the Prophet, may Allaah exalt his rank and grant him peace, did not stipulate in that regard any specific kind because it is intended to aid and gladden and it isn’t upon the Muslim to do this from other than his food supply.”


About Abu Fouzaan Qaasim
American student studying in the Islaamic University of Medinah from Chester,PA.

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