Those who pray exclusively in Ramadan

In the name of Allah — The Most Gracious, The Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Abdul-Aziz bin Baaz (rahimahullah — may Allah have mercy on him) was asked: What is the verdict, in your opinion, of people who do not perform salah except in Ramadan; is their fasting accepted?

He answered: Whoever leaves off salah, as you’ve presented, is a kaafir (disbeliever) and their fasting is not accepted in the most correct opinion of the scholars. This is due to the statement of Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), “What separates between men and what separates between Kufr (disbelief) and Shirk (associating partners with Allah) is leaving off Salah.” Also with his statement (sallalaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), “The covenant that’s between us and them is Salah; so whoever leaves it off has disbelieved.” These Hadeeth are in conjuncture with others. We ask Allah for wellness!

 

Taken from: http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/18649

 

Now, with that said, this doesn’t mean that one should dispair and quit fasting altogether; rather this should show us the importance of salah and be a means of encouragement for all of us. Allah says in the Qur’an;

“Say, “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves [by sinning], do not despair of the mercy of Allah . Indeed, Allah forgives all sins. Indeed, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful.” — Surah Az-Zumar (39) : 53

But, Allah also says:

“Indeed, Allah will not change the condition of a people until they change what is in themselves.” — Surah Ar-Ra’d (13) : 11

In this ayah Allah is telling us that we have to take the initiative first. We can’t sit around waiting for “the right time”, say that “we’re trying” (or whatever other excuses people may use), when in fact we’re not. This is a very serious is issue as we see from the aforementioned Hadeeth. May Allah make us from those who diligently perform their prayers with tranquility and reflection!

And I send peace and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and his companions.

How does one make his intention sincere in seeking knowledge?

In the name of Allah (The One). I send peace and blessings upon His Messenger (Al-Mustafa) and upon His Messenger’s family, companions, and those who follow him in righteousness until the Day of Judgement (Yowm Al-Qiyaamah).

 

If someone were to ask, “How does one make his intention sincere in seeking knowledge?” Then it would be a few affairs:

Firstly, by making your intention following the command of Allah; because Allah ta’ala (the exalted) commanded that when he said,

“So know, [O Muhammad], that there is no deity except Allah” [Surah Muhammad (47) : 19].

Allah subhaanahu wa ta’ala (praise Him the exalted) urges knowledge, and if Allah urges something then it necessitates that He loves it and it pleases Him.

Secondly, by making your intention to preserve the Shari’ah of Allah. Preserving Allah’s Shari’ah is by way of education, memorization, and writing books.

Thirdly, making you intention to protect the Shari’ah of Allah and defending it. If it wasn’t for the scholars, then the Shari’ah wouldn’t have been preserved and no one would have defended it. For this reason, we find Shaykh Al-Islam (and other than him from the people of knowledge) repelled the people of innovation — clarifying the misguidance of their innovation — and we find that they achieve a lot of good.

Fourthly, by making your intention to follow the Sunnah of Shari’ah of Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). It is not possible to follow his Shari’ah until you learn this Shari’ah.

 

Taken from: Sh. Ibn Uthaymeen‘s explanation of ” حلية طلب العلم — The Etiquette of Seeking Knowledge” by: Sh. Bakr AbuZayd

And I send peace and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and his companions.

Speculations of Flatulations

In the name of Allah (The One). I send peace and blessings upon His Messenger (Al-Mustafa) and upon His Messenger’s family, companions, and those who follow him in righteousness until the Day of Judgment (Yowm Al-Qiyaamah).

On the authority of Abu Hurairah (radiAllahu ‘anhu — may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah said, “If one if you feels something in his stomach and becomes confused as to whether something came out or not, then do not leave from the masjid until you hear a sound or smell a smell.” [Muslim]

  • “do not leave from the masjid” — if leaving to repeat wudu
  • “until you hear a sound” — that something came out
  • “or smell a smell” — from you

 

It is not a condition that you hear or smell something that your wudu is nullified; rather, what’s intended is that you become certain.

This hadeeth is a foundation from the foundations of Islam and a principle from the principles of fiqh. It proves that things are judged by their original state until there is something certain that is in opposition to that. Also, that doubt doesn’t have an affect on anything.

So whoever finds himself doubtful or uncertain if he broke his wudu, and is certain that he is upon purity (i.e., he has wudu), then it is not affected by that doubt until he finds some certainty. This is what is benefited from his statement ﷺ, “until you hear a sound or smell a smell.” For he ﷺ made it (wudu) contingent upon what you’re aware of and mentioned those two things as an example. Everything else that nullifies your wudu follows the same rule as these two things, like sperm for example. It comes in the hadeeth of Ibn Abbaas, “Indeed Shaytan comes to one of you and blows in your buttocks so that he thinks he broke wind and he didn’t. So do not leave until you hear a sound or find a smell.” [Hasan]

This hadeeth is general for the one who’s in salah or out of it according to what the majority of scholars’ opinion. The Malikiya (Maliki Mathhab) explain and separate between the one who’s in salah and the one outside of salah, but they don’t bring any proof.

Taken from: Subl As-Salaam by Imam Muhammad ibn Isma’eel Al-Ameer As-San’aani (5/65)

With that I conclude by sending peace and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and his companions.

To say ‘Eid Mubarik or not to say ‘Eid Mubarik, that is the question!

In the name of Allah (The One). I send peace and blessings upon His Messenger (Al-Mustafa) and upon His Messenger’s family, companions, and those who follow him in righteousness until the Day of Judgment (Yowm Al-Qiyaamah).

Questioner: Do the congratulations for ‘Eid that people say, like “’Eid Mubarik” and other than that, have an origin in the religion or not? And if they do, what is to be said?

Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiya (rahimahullah — my Allah have mercy upon him) answered: As for the congratulations on the day of ‘Eid that people say when they meet after the ‘Eid prayer; “TaqabalAllah minna wa minkum” (may Allah accept it from us and from you), “Ahaalahullah ‘alayk” (may Allah allow you to see another), and the likes; this has been narrated that some of the Sahabah used to do that. Also, some of the Imams permitted it — Ahmed and other than him — but Ahmed said, “I don’t initiate it to anyone, but if someone initiates it to me then I respond. This is because answering congratulations are obligatory. But as for initiating the congratulations, then this is not a Sunnah we’ve been commanded with; additionally we’ve not be prohibited from it. So whoever does it he has his example and whoever leaves it off has his example. Wallahu A’lam (and Allah knows best).”

In my opinion, the matter of congratulation is closer to being an ‘aadah (customary act) than being an ‘ebadah (means of worship and drawing closer to Allah), and the origin in the affair of ‘aadaat (plural for ‘aadah) is that they’re permissible until there is an opposing proof. On the contrary, the person speaking about an ‘ebadah requires a proof for what he’s saying.

It is known that ‘aadaat differ from time to time and place to place, but this is something that is affirmed on the Sahabah, or some of them, that they used to do it, and that is preferable to others. Wallahu A’lam.

Taken from: Shaykh Al-Islam’s Majmoo Al-Fatawa, Vol. 24, page 253.
With that I conclude by sending peace and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and his companions.

Eid: Rulings, Etiquettes, Innovations, and Trangressions

In the name of Allah (The One). I send peace and blessings upon His Messenger (Al-Mustafa) and upon His Messenger’s family, companions, and those who follow him in righteousness until the Day of Judgment (Yowm Al-Qiyaamah).

Due to the closeness of ‘Eid Al-Fitr (the first of the two Muslim celebrations which comes after the completion of Ramadan), may Allah allow us and all of the Muslims to live for another one, I mentioned some of the etiquettes and Sunnahs of ‘Eid. Along with that I wanted to point out some of the bid’a (innovations) and sins that have fallen into on ‘Eid as well as the distribution of Zakat Al-Fitr before the ‘Eid prayer. With that I say, success is from Allah and from Him alone I desire aid and assistance.

It is upon you, my Muslim brother, to be diligent in distributing Zakat Al-Fitr that Allah azza wa jal (mighty and majestic) made a purifier for the fasting from the laghw (vain speech) and obscenity before the ‘Eid prayer. You should strive to fulfill your Zakat  from the food of your land in adherence to the direction of the Prophet ﷺ when he made obligatory Zakat Al-Fitr a saa’ (a measurement which is the equivalent of four handfuls) of dates or barley upon the slave, free man, male, female, young, and old Muslim. He ordered that it be fulfilled before the people leave out to the prayer. Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri said, as it comes in Sahih Al-Bukhari, “We used to give out Zakat Al-Fitr as a saa’ of food, barley, dates, yogurt, or raisins.”

‘Eid Al-Fitr is our holiday, the holiday of the Muslims. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said in the story of the two young girls who used to sing for the Prophet ﷺ, “Leave them. For indeed every nation has a holiday and this is our holiday.” [Bukhari]. On the authority of Uqbah ibn Aamir the Prophet ﷺ said, “The day of ‘Arafah (the 9th day of Dhul-Hijja in the Islamic lunar calendar) and Ayaam At-Tashreeq (the 3 days to follow the day of ‘Arafah) are the holidays of the Muslims.”
FROM THE RULINGS AND ETTIQUITES OF ‘EID AL-FITR:

1. The takbeerah (saying of “AllahuAkbar” — Allah is the greatest) on the day of ‘Eid. It starts and finishes with the ‘Eid prayer. Allah ta’ala (the exalted) stated,

“And [Allah wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.” — Surah Al-Baqarah (2) : 185

The way the takbeerah was affirmed upon the Sahabah (radiAllahu‘anhm  — may Allah be pleased with them), “AllahuAkbar! AllahuAkbar! AllahuAkbar Kabeerah!” and “AllahuAkbar! AllahuAkbar! La Ilaha illAllah! AllahuAkbar wa lillahilHmd!” It’s preferable to start with it (the second one). As for other than that from the different takbeerahs I have not found a chain (of narration) for them.

2. Taking a Ghusl (shower) for the ‘Eid prayer, wearing your best clothing, and wearing perfume as well.

3. Eating some dates or other than that before leaving from your house for the ‘Eid Al-Fitr prayer.

4. Verbalizing the takbeerah while going to the ‘Eid prayer.

5. Going to the place of prayer one way and returning a different way.

6. The ‘Eid prayer in an (outdoor) prayer hall (Musallah) is a Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, so be diligent in performing it. And if you prayed in a Masjid for one reason or another then there is no harm.

7. Taking the women and children without leaving anyone, even the menstruating woman and the elderly. He ﷺ ordered the menstruating women to visit the place where the Muslims are praying.

8. Performing the ‘Eid prayer: two rakats (units of prayer), making takbeer (saying AllahuAkbar and raising your hands) seven times (excluding the opening takbeer) and in the second rakat five tabeers before the Fatiha as well. The Imam recites in them Surahs Al-‘Ala and Al-Ghaashiya as it comes in Sahih Muslim on the authority of Nu’man bin Basheer who said, “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ read in the two ‘Eids and Jumu’ahSabbihisma rabika Al-‘Ala’ (Surah Al-‘Ala) and ‘Hel ataaka hadeethul ghaashiya’ (Surah Al-Ghaashiya).”

9. Listening to the khutbah (sermon) that is after the ‘Eid prayer is Sunnah. There is no harm upon those who do not attend the khutbah and stood up (and left) after the prayer.

10. Congratulating is affirmed on the Sahabah (radiAllahu ‘anhu) but it is not affirmed upon the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in any authentic hadeeth. As for on the Sahabah, then it comes in the narration on the authority of Jubayr bin Nafeer who said, “If the companions of the Messenger of Allah met one another on the day of ‘Eid they would say, “Taqabl Allah minna wa minkm — may Allah accept it from us and from you!” [Al-Haafith Ibn Al-Hajr Al-Asqalaani (rahimahullah — May Allah have mercy upon him) said the chain is good].
So be diligent, my Muslim brother, upon staying away from bid’a and disliked acts all the time, as it has been authentically reported upon the Messenger of Allah ﷺ “Every newly invented matter is a bid’a (innovation), every bid’a is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the fire.”

FROM THE BID’A OF ‘EID:

1. Making takbeerah in the Masjid or prayer hall all together where there are two groups, one makes takbeerah and the other answers. This way is something newly invented, and what is desired is that everyone makes takbeerah by himself. If it happens that you end up saying it together, then there is no harm. But the way where one group makes takbeerah and the other listens until their turn comes, then this is a bid’a.

2. Visiting the graves on the day of ‘Eid, and presenting sweets, flowers, and the likes upon the graves, all of that are from the bid’a and newly invented matters that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ did not do. As for visiting the graves without any time specifications, then it is permissible and recommended. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “Visit the graves! For indeed they remind you of the Aakhirah (afterlife).”

3. Exchanging congratulation cards that are called “’Eid cards”. This is from blind following the Christians and their rituals. I heard our Shaykh, the scholar Al-Albaani (may he be immersed in mercy), warned against this. So be diligent, my Muslim brother, to stay away from the way of those who have gained Allah’s anger and misguided so that you will be from the righteous people who tread the Sirat Al-Mustaqeem (straight path).

FROM THE SINS OF ‘EID:

1. The beautification of some men by shaving their beards, what is obligatory is to leave it at all times. It is obligatory that the Muslim thanks his Lord on this day and that he completes his happiness upon obedience, not sin and transgression.

2. The shaking hands between non-family men and women (non-Mahram). This is from the major impermissible acts! It came in an authentic hadeeth, “Indeed being beaten on your head by a piece of metal is better for you than to touch a woman that is not permissible for you to.” [Tabarani and other than him].

3. Extravagantly spending money on fireworks without concern. Its better to spend this money on the poor, widows, orphans, and the needy Muslims. And how many more (in number) and more deserving are they!

4. The wide spread of intoxicants and gambling, in some lands, on the day of ‘Eid; specifically with small children. This is from the major sins and it is upon the fathers to watch after their children on these days and warn them from that.

Taqabal Allah minna wa minkum wa kullu ‘am wa antum bikhayr — May Allah accept it from us and from you and may you be upon goodness all year!

As-Salaamu ‘Alaykum wa RahmatuAllahi wa Barakaatuhu.

Written by: Dr. ‘Aasim ibn Abdullah Al-Qaryuti – 29 Ramadan, 1427 H
Taken from: http://www.saaid.net/mktarat/eid/58.htm


Dua: When is the preferable time when fasting?

In the name of Allah (The One). I send peace and blessings upon His Messenger (Al-Mustafa) and upon His Messenger’s family, companions, and those who follow him in righteousness until the Day of Judgment (Yowm Al-Qiyaamah).

Questioner: The Dua of the fasting person is answered when he breaks his fast, so when is it exactly: before he breaks his fast, while he’s breaking his fast, or afterwards? Also, are there any Dua that are recorded on the Prophet ﷺ that he made in a time like this time?

Shaykh Muhammad bin ‘Uthaymeen (rahimahullah — may Allah have mercy on him) answered: The Dua is before one breaks his fast when the sun is setting because this is when the person is at his weakest and most humble time of his fast and all of these are reasons for the Dua to be answered. As for after one breaks his fast, for he has rested, is happy, and possibly becomes negligent.

There is a Dua that has been narrated on the Prophet ﷺ, but is made after one breaks his fast, which is, “The thirst has gone, the arteries have filled, and the Ajr (blessings) has been recorded.” [Abu Dawud and ranked as Hasan by Sh. Al-Albaani]. Also, it has been recorded that some of the Sahabah used to say, “Oh Allah, for you I fasted and from your provisions I broke my fast.” Therefore, you supplicate to Allah with whatever you deem appropiate.

 

Taken from: http://ramadaniat.ws/fatawa/465
With that I conclude by sending peace and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and his companions.

Can you pray ‘Esha after Taraweh?

In the name of Allah (The One). I send peace and blessings upon His Messenger (Al-Mustafa) and upon His Messenger’s family, companions, and those who follow him in righteousness until the Day of Judgment (Yowm Al-Qiyaamah).

Questioner: If someone comes to pray Salat Al-‘Esha and finds the people praying so he starts to pray with them. Then, he realizes that they’re praying Taraweh, so he finishes the prayer with them and then prays ‘Esha. Is it permissible to pray ‘Esha after Taraweh? Likewise, is it permissible to pray Taraweh before Esha?

Shaykh Abdul-Aziz Bin Baaz (rahimahullah — may Allah have mercy on him) answered: Whatever the case may be, the Sunnah is for Taraweh to be after ‘Esha. So standing for prayer in Ramadan, i.e. Taraweh, is after ‘Esha however it is supererogatory; therefore, this person’s Salah with them (i.e., Taraweh) before ‘Esha is considered a supererogatory prayer between the two night prayers (Maghrib and ‘Esha). Praying between the two night prayers is permissible but it is not the standing that is known in Ramadan, that standing is after ‘Esha. Him praying ‘Esha after Taraweh is acceptable, but it is better and more preferable to start with the obligatory then pray Taraweh with them. This is what is necessary so that he is able to uphold the Sunnah as well as performing is obligatory prayer.

Even if he prayed with them (in Taraweh) with the intention of ‘Esha and when the Imam makes Tasleem (completion of the Salah by saying “As-Salaamu ‘Alaykum wa RahmatuAllah” to the right and then the left) from Taraweh he stands and competes ‘Esha, this too is permissible. Even if the Imam is praying the first two with the intention of Taraweh and he has the intention of ‘Esha, then when the Imam makes Tasleem he stands and completes his ‘Esha, this is permissible for him.

In conclusion, there is no problem in what he did InshaAllah; his ‘Esha is correct and his Taraweh is correct, but it (his Taraweh) is considered supererogatory and not the Taraweh that is well known in Ramadan. The standing in Ramadan is after ‘Esha and he prayed before ‘Esha, so it is from the supererogartory prayers that are recommended between Maghrib and ‘Esha.

 

Taken from: http://ramadaniat.ws/fatawa/468&page=4

With that I conclude by sending peace and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and his companions.