Intention: Prerequisite for fasting or not?

In the name of Allah (The One). I send peace and blessings upon His Messenger (Al-Mustafa) and upon His Messenger’s family, companions, and those who follow him in righteousness until the Day of Judgement (Yowm Al-Qiyaamah).

Question: Sometimes I fast without making my intention at the beginning of the fast. So is the intention a condition everyday when fasting or is making it in the beginning of the month sufficient?

 Shaykh Saalih Al-Fowzan (hafithahullah — may Allah preserve him) answered: Fasting and other than it from actions must be based upon an intention. The Prophet ﷺ said, “Indeed actions are by intentions, and for ever man is what he intended.” And in another narration, “Actions are not except by the intention.”

So, it is obligatory for the fasting in Ramadan to have a Niyya (intention) from the night so that you’ve made your intention when the sun rises for your fast of that day. The Muslim waking up in the last part of the night and eating Suhoor (pre-fasting meal) proves their intention. Therefore it is not nessisary for a person to verbalize, “I intend to fast”, for this is an innovation and not permissible.

The Niyya in Ramadan is every individual day because every independent Ebadah (act of worship) requires a Niyya. So, the intention is made with the heart every day at night. Even if someone were to make his Niyya at night then sleep and not wake up until after Fajr his fasting is correct because he made his intention from the night.

 

Taken from: http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.php?t=2211

With that I conclude by sending peace and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and his companions.

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Who is fasting obligatory upon?

In the name of Allah (The One). I send peace and blessings upon His Messenger (Al-Mustafa) and upon His Messenger’s family, companions, and those who follow him in righteousness until the Day of Judgement (Yowm Al-Qiyaamah).

Questioner: Who is fasting not obligatory upon? Benefit us Jazaakm Allahu Khayr (may Allah reward you).

Shaykh Abdul-Aziz bin Baaz responded: Insane people, people without any intellect [ex: someone with down syndrome or Alzheimer’s, may allah protect us from that amen], and children — someone who has yet to reach puberty. As for the menstruating and postnatal bleeding woman, then it is obligatory upon them to fast, however it is not permissible for them to fast during Ramadan and other than it while in that state. It is upon them to make up the days that they didn’t fast during Ramadan.

As for the sick and travelers, they have the option to fast or not during Ramadan, and not fasting is better (for them). And it is upon them to make up those days that they didn’t fast in Ramadan as Allah (Subhaanahu — glory be to him) said,

“And whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days.” — Surah Al-Baqarah (2) : 185

But, if there is no hope of being cured of the sickness from the testimony of trustworthy doctors, then it is not obligatory for them to fast nor make it up. Upon them is to feed a poor person for every day with half a Prophetic Saa’ (صاع — a measurement that equals four handfuls, therefore half would be two handfuls) of food of the land. A Saa’ is approximately equivalent to a kilogram and a half. Likewise the elderly men and women that are not capable of fasting Ramadan should feed people every day, with half a Saa’ of food of the land. They are not obligated to fast nor make it up.

It is also permissible to give the Kafaara (recompense) in one lump sum in the beginning, the end, or during the month to one poor person or multiple people.

Additionally, the case for the pregnant and breastfeeding woman, if fasting is difficult for them then they can eat and they must make up the fast like the sick person.

I send peace and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and his companions.

To view this article it in it’s original Arabic form click here.

From the Abandoned Sunnan: Using the Siwaak when entering the House

In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, Most Merciful. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and companions. As for what follows;

• On the authority of ‘Aaisha, may Allaah be pleased with her, said: “When the Messenger of Allaah, may peace and blessings be upon him, would enter the house, he would begin with the siwaak.”[1]

• On the authority of al-Miqdaad bin Shurayh on his father who said: “I said to ‘Aaisha, may Allaah be pleased with her, what did the Messenger of Allaah, may peace and blessings be upon him, used to begin with when he entered his house? She said: “The siwaak.”[2]

Sheikh ‘Abdul ‘Azeez bin Baaz, may Allaah mercy upon him, was asked:

“I heard that the siwaak is prohibited for the women, is this true?”

The Sheikh said: “This is not true. The siwaak is legislated for everyone to use; men and women at the time of prayer, wudoo’, when about to pray, when entering the house, when waking up from sleep, etc. The Messenger, may peace and blessings be upon him, said in an authentic hadeeth: “The siwaak is a purification for the mouth and pleases the Lord[3],” and he, may peace and blessings be upon him, said: “If I didn’t fear difficulty upon my nation I would have ordered them to use the siwaak at every prayer.”

Sheikh ‘Abdul Muhsin al-‘Abbaad, may Allaah preserve him, mentioned while explaining this hadeeth, i.e. hadeeth of ‘Aaisha, in Sunan Abi Daawud:

“This hadeeth only proves the commencement of the siwaak when entering the home and some People of Knowledge have said: “Indeed this sunnah is from the abandoned sunan.”

Therefore, for a man to use the siwaak when he enters his home is something that many of the people are ignorant of and from that which very few people perform.

So for a man to enter his house and begin to use the siwaak is a sunnah that the Messenger of Allaah, may peace and blessings be upon him, used to do.

And as for the wisdom behind this then perhaps, and Allaah knows best, is that so a persons breath can be pleasant and that his family gets a pleasant smell from him. And if there is anything in his mouth that could result in an unpleasant smell or the like then it will be removed by the usage of the siwaak. Perhaps this is the reason and Allaah knows best.”

• Ibn al-Qayyim, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said when mentioning the guidance of the Messenger, may peace and blessings be upon him, concerning the fitrah, i.e. the natural disposition:

“And he used to love the siwaak, he would use the siwaak when he was muftir (not fasting) and when fasting, when waking up from sleep, at the time of wudoo’, at the time of prayer, when entering the house and he would clean his teeth with a siwaak from the araak tree.”

Footnotes:

[1]Muslim

[2]Muslim

[3]An-Nisaa’ee

http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=129341

Is having fear of the Jinn considered from natural fear or not?

In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, Bestower of Mercy. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and companions. As for what follows;

Question: Is having fear of the Jinn considered from natural fear or not?

Sheikh Rabee’ ibn Haadi al-Madkhali, may Allaah preserve him, says: “Fearing the jinn; if it is the fear of the heart where he believes that the jinns can benefit or harm him then this is shirk.

“And verily, there were men among mankind who took shelter with the masculine among the jinns, but they (jinns) increased them (mankind) in sin and disbelief.” [72:6]

The majority of time fearing from the jinn is the fear of the heart where he believes that they can benefit or harm when in fact no one possesses this ability except Allaah, not jinn nor man. And know that if the entire world was to gather together to benefit you, they wouldn’t be able to do so at all unless Allaah wrote it for you. And if they gathered to harm you, they wouldn’t be able to except if Allaah wrote it upon you as the Prophet, may peace and blessings be upon him, said.The true believer doesn’t fear anything except Allaah.

“So fear them not, but fear Me, if you are (true) believers.” [3:175]

Meaning the fear of worship, the fear of the heart. As for being afraid of a snake, lion, criminal who might attack you for instance, then this is the natural fear that doesn’t harm the person by the permissoin of Allaah nor effects one’s creed. However, most of the time, fearing the jinn is based upon evil and false beliefs! The Messenger, may peace and blessings be upon him, gave you weaponry, read aayah al-kursi[1], read the mu’awwidhaat[2], protect yourself! The rememberance of Allaah protects and safeguards you from them and other than them.

Utilize the means that protect you from the jinn and every type of harm from snakes, serpents, scorpions, etc.

“I seek refuge in Allaah’s perfect words from the evil which He created”,

if you say this nothing will be able to harm you not a jinn, snake, or anything else. This of course is by having sincerity and truthfulness. May Allaah bless you.”

Footnotes:

[1] 2:255

[2] Surah Ikhlaas, Falaq and Naas

http://www.rabee.net/show_book.aspx?pid=5&bid=194&gid=

A Warning from Wasting away the Prayer- Imaam as-Sa’dee

In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, Most Merciful. As for what follows;

Sheikh ‘Abdur Rahman ibn Naasir as-Sa’dee, may Allaah have mercy upon him, says in one of his friday sermons;

“All praise due to Allaah, the Lord, the Great, Most Forbearing, Full of Kindness, Most Merciful. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, Most Kind, Most Generous. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His Slave and Messenger and who is to the believers kind and merciful. Oh Allaah send salutations, blessings and peace upon Muhammad, his family and companions and all those who follow them upon the Straight Path. As for what follows;

Oh Mankind! Fear Allaah, the Most High, and beware of being from those who Allaah mentioned concerning them:

“Then, there had succeeded them a generation who have given up As-Salat (the prayers) [i.e. made their Salat (prayers) to be lost, either by not offering them or by not offering them perfectly or by not offering them in their proper fixed times, etc.] and have followed lusts. So they will be thrown in Hell.” [19:59]

They disregarded the prayer by not praying it at it’s correct time and were negligent concerning the juma’ (friday prayers) and congregational prayers. They did not fear there Lord nor were they heedful of His punishments. When they offered the prayer it was like the pecking of a bird not consisting of any tranquility, serentiy or hope of a reward. You would think they were being propelled when they began to pray and you see them careless about its pillars and conditions, unconcerned about its completeness. They forgot Allaah, therefore He forgot them and they wasted the worldly and religous benefits.

They squandered away the prayer and followed their desires because of their wretchedness and preferred the cravings of the soul over establishing the obligations. When they desire a thing they rush towards it with no hesitation, but when the command of Allaah comes they are (extremely) lethargic. This is sufficient enough a loss and deprivation. Woe be to the one who gives precednece to his evil desires over the obedienece of his Master! And how deprived is he who forsakes the good and follows the lusts of his soul, thus destroying him.

Where is the Islaam and Eemaan oh you who claim to have it?! Where is the fear from a day that a person will find and encounter everything that he did?! The day this bankrupt individual will not find his deeds sufficient enough to save him from the punishment of His Lord.

So woe that day to those who waste their prayers when:

“…the Day a man will flee from his brother. And from his mother and his father. And from his wife and his children. Everyman, that Day, will have enough to make him careless of others.” [80:33-36]

Where are these despicable ones from the people who consider the prayer as one of the greatest blessings from Allaah?! Coming to it with open hearts, sincere aspirations and upright actions. Not a jumu’ah  nor congregational prayer misses them unless they have an legitamite excuse.

“Men whom neither trade nor sale diverts them from the Remembrance of Allah (with heart and tongue), nor from performing As-Salat, nor from giving the Zakat. They fear a Day when hearts and eyes will be overturned (from the horror of the torment of the Day of Resurrection). That Allah may reward them according to the best of their deeds, and add even more for them out of His Grace. And Allah provides without measure to whom He wills.” [24:37-38]

May Allaah bless us by the Noble Qur’aan.”

http://ar.miraath.net/article/1518

The Diligence and Firm Resolve of the Salaf in Worship

In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, Most Merciful. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and companions. As for what follows;

1: Wakee’ ibn al-Jarraah, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said: “Al-‘Amash was nearly seventy-years old and he never missed the opening takbeer of the prayer.”[Siyar ‘Alaam an-Nubalaa’:6/228]

2: The Judge, Taqiyyud-Deen Sulaymaan ibn Hamzah al-Maqdisee, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said: “I never once prayed one of the obligatory prayers alone except twice and it felt as though I didn’t pray them.”[Dhayl Tabaqaat al-Hanaabilah:2/365]

3: Muhammad ibn Samaa’ah, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said: “For forty years never did I miss the opening takbeer of the prayer except once and it was the day my mother passed.”[Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb:9/203]

4: It has been mentioned in the biography of Ibraaheem ibn Maymoon as-Saaigh, may Allaah have mercy upon him, that Ibn Ma’een said about him: “When he would raise the hammer and hear the call to prayer he would cease from that (and prepare for the prayer).”[Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb:1/173]

5: It has been mentioned in the biography of Sa’eed ibnul Musayyib, may Allaah have mercy upon him: “The call for prayer wasn’t pronounced except that Sa’eed was already in the mosque.”[Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb:4/87]

6: Ash-Sha’bee, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said: “Since I accepted Islaam the establishment for the prayer wasn’t called except that I was in abulution”, i.e. prepared for the prayer.[Siyar ‘Alaam an-Nubalaa’:3/163]

“And the Sheikh ‘Abdul ‘Azeez ibn Baaz, may Allaah have mercy upon him, was indeed an example and model to be followed in his diligence in worship, going early to the mosque, preservation of the optional prayers, the supplications of the day and night, etc. His son Ahmad mentioned to me, i.e. Sheikh ‘Abdul ‘Azeez as-Sadhaan: “Since I’ve known, my father would wake up a hour before the fajr prayer and pray eleven units of prayer.”

[1]Therefore, it is suitable and becoming for the student of knowledge to likewise be an example for the people to follow in his performance of worship, in fact in all of his affairs. That which is noticed about some of the students of knowledge is their lack of concern and regard for the obligatory prayers and constant concluding of the prayer once the Imaam finishes especially the fajr prayer along with neglignece in the optional ones.

And when the common people see a student of knowledge they take him as an example for them. If he does wrong they do wrong and use him as their excuse. And if he does good they do good and thus he’ll recieve the likeness of their reward without anything being diminshed from the latter.”

[1] I put these last two paragraphs in bold to emphasize the importance of the Sheikhs speech here.

Source: ‘The Imaam Ibn Baaz, lessons and examples’ by Sheikh ‘Abdul ‘Azeez as-Sadhaan, may Allaah preserve him.

Supererogatory Prayers Before and After Jumu’ah

In the name of Allah (The One). I send peace and blessings upon His Messenger (Al-Mustafa) and upon His Messenger’s family, companions, and those who follow him in righteousness until the Day of Judgement (Yowm Al-Qiyaamah).

BEFORE JUMU’AH 

There aren’t any narrations about praying Sunnahs before Jumu’ah. Shaykh Uthaymeen said, “There aren’t any (perscribed) Sunnahs before it (Jumu’ah). So, you can pray whatever you want without intending a specific number. So you can pray 2 Rak’ahs or what ever you want, but when the Imam enters then you refrain.”

He continued to say: If someone was to say, “Do you choose for me if I come to Jumu’ah that I busy myself with Salah or should I busy myself with reading the Qur’an?” The answer is that I see 2 Rak’ahs are a necessity, and they are Tahiyah Al-Masjid (greeting the Masjid). Other than that, the person has to look into what is best for him. If he is in a Masjid crowded with people and there are a lot of people moving around in front of you then obviously reading the Qur’an is more beneficial and will bring the soul more tranquility. And if you are in a place free from annoyances, then no doubt praying is better than reading. This is because Salah combines reading, remembrance (of Allah), Du’a, standing, sitting, bowing, and prostrating. Surely it is a garden of the gardens of worship, so it is better. Imam Ahmed was asked about an issue of knowledge and said, “Look at what is best for your heart and do that.”

AFTER JUMU’AH

There are 3 different narrations dealing with this:

  • Abdullah ibn Umar narrated, “After praying (Salah) Al-Jumu’ah he ﷺ would pray two Rak’ahs in his house.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
  • Abu Hurayrah narrated, “If one of you prays Jumu’ah then pray after it four (Rak’ahs).” [Muslim]
  • Ibn Umar, “If he was in Makkah, then after Jumu’ah he would pray two Rak’ahs and then another four. And in Madinah he would pray two Rak’ahs in his house. He said, “The Messenger ﷺ used to do this.” [Abu Dawud]

The scholars differ on what is to be done here and there are three different opinions:

  1. The opinion of Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyya who said, “If you are going to pray the Sunnahs of Jumu’ah in the Masjid then pray two and if you are going to pray them at home then pray two also.”
  2. There are different types, sometimes he ﷺ prayed four and sometimes he prayed two.
  3. It is only four, because if there is a contradiction between the statement and the action of the Prophet ﷺ then you act upon his statement.

As for praying six Rak’ahs after Jumu’ah. Shaykh Uthaymeen said, “This comes from a hadeeth of Ibn Umar where he said, “He ﷺ used to do this.” [Abu Dawud]. But that what comes in Bukhari and Muslim is that he used to pray four. It is possible to prove that the Prophet ﷺ used to pray two at home and commanded that we pray four after Jumu’ah, thus being six — four with his statement and two with his actions. That does make you ponder.”

Taken from: Sharh Al-Mumt’i by Shaykh Ibn Al-Uthaymeen, volume 5 pages 76-78

And I send peace and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and his companions.