Very Important Affairs we must remember during the ‘Eid

In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, Most Merciful. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and companions. As for what;

The noble scholar, Sheikh, Dr. ‘Abdur Razaaq ibn ‘Abdul Muhsin al-‘Abbaad, may Allaah preserve them both, gave the following ‘Eid sermon:

[After praising Allaah and sending peace and blessings upon the Messneger, may Allaah exalt his rank and grant him peace]

“Indeed the day of the Blessed ‘Eid Fitr is the day by which Allaah completes the Month of Fasting, begins the months of Hajj to His Sacred House and rewards those who fasted and prayed in it generously and immensely. It is a holiday that feels the hearts of the believers with happiness and joy and by it the breasts are filled with delight. The people come out to their Lord praising Him, glorifying Him and magnifying Him. Thankful and extremly grateful for His favor upon them of completing the fast and the standing . Hopeful for His benevolence and reward. Beseeching their Generous Lord to accept their actions, pardon them their sins and return this ‘Eid to them again for many years more upon good and obedience to Him.

However with all that there are matters that are befitting for us to be concious of on this day of ‘Eid:

1: It is befitting that we remember while we are living in the happiness of the ‘Eid our brothers (and sisters) who have met their end and death has siezed them. They didn’t get the chance to see this gathering of the ‘Eid. They are in their graves detained, held in pledge for their actions and recompensed for all that they have sent forth in their lives. Know for certain that you are all traveling to what they traveled to, they preceded and you will follow. So do not forget to supplicate for them that Allaah overlooks their faults, forgives thier mistakes, raises their ranks and makes their graves gardens from the gardens of Paradise. Oh Allaah! Forgive our dead and the dead Muslims. Oh Allaah! Forgive them, have mercy on them, make their abodes generous and expand their admittances.

2: Remember while you are living in the joy of this ‘Eid in good health and well-being our brothers (and sisters) who have been prevented from witnessing the gathering of the ‘Eid due to sickness. They are in the hospitals on the beds and dependant upon their families. Some of them have been sick for many long months, some of them many weeks without even being able to shut their eyes in order to find rest or relief from the pain and agony and they wish that they could take part along with their brothers in their enjoyments. So praise Allaah for the state you are in of good health, peace, and well-being and don’t forgot about supplicating for them that they be cured from their sicknesses, removed from their hardship, freed from their distress and pain. Oh Allaah! Cure our sick and the sick Muslims. Oh Allaah! Lord of Mankind, remove what has afflicted them from hardship and cure them for You are Ash-Shaafi (the Curer) there is no cure except Your cure, a cure that isn’t followed by any sickness.

And from the greatest actions on the day of the ‘Eid and that which has the most benefit is visiting these people in their places of resindence, consoling them and supplicating for them. Imaam Ahmad and Abu Daawud reported on the authority of ‘Ali, may Allaah be pleased with him, said: “I heard the Messenger of Allaah, may Allaah exalt his rank and grant him peace, saying: “If a man visits his Muslim brother he never ceases to be in a garden of Paradise until he sits. When he sits he is overcome with mercy. If (the visit) was in the morning seventy-thousand angels will ask forgiveness for him until evening. And if it was in the evening then seventy-thousand angels will ask forgiveness for him until morning comes.”

3: Remember while you are living in happiness of the ‘Eid in safety, peace, and tranquility our brothers (and sisters) who have been destroyed by wars, bombs have given them insominia, terrorized by evil and siezed by their enemies. So blood has been spilled, women have been widowed, children have become orphans and money has been taken wrongfully.

So thank Allaah for what you are upon from safety and peace and don’t forget to supplicate for them that Allaah removes their distress and worries, destroys their enemies and assist them over them. Oh Allaah! Grant might to Islaam and its people everywhere. Oh Allaah! Grant might to Islaam and the Muslims and humiliate polytheism and its people and destroy the enemies of this Religion. Make this country of ours, i.e. Saudi Arabia, safe and peaceful and the rest of the Islaamic countries.

4: Remember while you are living in the happiness of the ‘Eid, with your precious jewlerey and fine clothing our brothers (and sisters) who poverty has overtaken them and are in dire need. From them are those who have no clothing to wear, any place to live, no food to eat or anything to drink. Rather from them are those who have died during disastorous famine and droughts.

So thank Allaah for what you are in of blessings and don’t forget to supplicate for your brothers that Allaah enriches their poor, feeds their hungry, takes care of their needs, removes their poverty and solve their debts.

Oh Allaah! You are the First and their is nothing before You, You are the Last and there is nothing after You, You are the Highest and there is nothing above You and You are the Most Near and nothing is nearer than You.

Oh Allaah! Solve their debts and enrich them from poverty. Oh Allaah! Suffice them with Your Halaal (permissible) away from You Haraam (prohibited) and enrich them from Your Bounty from other than you. Don’t forget to lend them a helping hand with money, clothing, food, comforters, etc. Allaah says:

“and whatever good you send before you for yourselves, (i.e. Nawafil non-obligatory acts of worship: prayers, charity, fasting, Hajj and ‘Umrah, etc.), you will certainly find it with Allah, better and greater in reward.” [73:20]

“and whatever you do of good deeds, truly, Allah knows it well.” [2:215]

5: Remember while you are living in the happiness of the ‘Eid after completing the obedience of Ramadan; the completion of the fasting and standing, our brothers (and sisters) whose sins have restricted them (from striving hard). The diligent believers marched forth in the obedience of their Lord and the sincere advisers and upright ones competed in drawing near to Allaah. While these were immersed in their temptations and puttering around, laxed in the worship of Allaah and gaining nearness to Him and constant upon sins and evil. Seasons of worship and competing in good pass by them and they are not motivated whatsoever.

Therefore thank Allaah for what He has bestowed upon you from obedience and what He guided you to from drawing near to His pleasure. Ask Him for firmness upon that and resolve upon the truth. And don’t forget to supplicate for those brothers (and sisters) of yours that Allaah guides them to the good and returns them to the truth in a good manner. Oh Allaah! Guide the Muslims who have strayed and return them to the truth in a beautiful manner. Oh Allaah! Aid those who have been tested and forgive the sinners.

6: Remembner while you are living in the happiness of the ‘Eid, that Allaah has honored you in this Blessed Month of Ramadan by chaining down the devils and thus they weren’t able to do what they normally do before Ramadan. Now after the ending of Ramadan they have become free from their chains and are more eager to get back at what they missed from misleading and decieving the people during the month of Ramadan.

“O mankind! Verily, the Promise of Allah is true. So let not this present life deceive you, and let not the chief deceiver (Satan) deceive you about Allah.” [35:6]

And no one is capable of protecting himself from the Devil except by the rememberance of Allaah, preservation of His obedience and refraining from His disobedience and seeking refuge with Allaah from him.

“And say: “My Lord! I seek refuge with You from the whisperings (suggestions) of the Shayatin (devils).”And I seek refuge with You, My Lord! lest they may attend (or come near) me.” [23:97-98]

Remember with this gathering of yours on the day ‘Eid, the day of the Ultimate Gathering, when you will all stand in front of the Lord of all that exists barefooted, naked, eyes fixed. The day the books will be dissemenated and the scales will be set up.

“That Day shall a man flee from his brother, And from his mother and his father, And from his wife and his children. Everyman, that Day, will have enough to make him careless of others.” [80:34-37]

So prepare for that Day its due preperation and increase in provisons for that Day as long as you are in in the abode of Action for the best of provisions is taqwah. Oh Allaah! Give our souls their portion of taqwah and purify them You are the best to purify them, You are their Gaurdian and Protecter. Grant us success to perform righteous actions and statements and give us a good end. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and all of his companions.”

http://www.al-badr.net/web/index.php?page=page&action=view&pageid=9

To say ‘Eid Mubarik or not to say ‘Eid Mubarik, that is the question!

In the name of Allah (The One). I send peace and blessings upon His Messenger (Al-Mustafa) and upon His Messenger’s family, companions, and those who follow him in righteousness until the Day of Judgment (Yowm Al-Qiyaamah).

Questioner: Do the congratulations for ‘Eid that people say, like “’Eid Mubarik” and other than that, have an origin in the religion or not? And if they do, what is to be said?

Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiya (rahimahullah — my Allah have mercy upon him) answered: As for the congratulations on the day of ‘Eid that people say when they meet after the ‘Eid prayer; “TaqabalAllah minna wa minkum” (may Allah accept it from us and from you), “Ahaalahullah ‘alayk” (may Allah allow you to see another), and the likes; this has been narrated that some of the Sahabah used to do that. Also, some of the Imams permitted it — Ahmed and other than him — but Ahmed said, “I don’t initiate it to anyone, but if someone initiates it to me then I respond. This is because answering congratulations are obligatory. But as for initiating the congratulations, then this is not a Sunnah we’ve been commanded with; additionally we’ve not be prohibited from it. So whoever does it he has his example and whoever leaves it off has his example. Wallahu A’lam (and Allah knows best).”

In my opinion, the matter of congratulation is closer to being an ‘aadah (customary act) than being an ‘ebadah (means of worship and drawing closer to Allah), and the origin in the affair of ‘aadaat (plural for ‘aadah) is that they’re permissible until there is an opposing proof. On the contrary, the person speaking about an ‘ebadah requires a proof for what he’s saying.

It is known that ‘aadaat differ from time to time and place to place, but this is something that is affirmed on the Sahabah, or some of them, that they used to do it, and that is preferable to others. Wallahu A’lam.

Taken from: Shaykh Al-Islam’s Majmoo Al-Fatawa, Vol. 24, page 253.
With that I conclude by sending peace and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and his companions.

Eid: Rulings, Etiquettes, Innovations, and Trangressions

In the name of Allah (The One). I send peace and blessings upon His Messenger (Al-Mustafa) and upon His Messenger’s family, companions, and those who follow him in righteousness until the Day of Judgment (Yowm Al-Qiyaamah).

Due to the closeness of ‘Eid Al-Fitr (the first of the two Muslim celebrations which comes after the completion of Ramadan), may Allah allow us and all of the Muslims to live for another one, I mentioned some of the etiquettes and Sunnahs of ‘Eid. Along with that I wanted to point out some of the bid’a (innovations) and sins that have fallen into on ‘Eid as well as the distribution of Zakat Al-Fitr before the ‘Eid prayer. With that I say, success is from Allah and from Him alone I desire aid and assistance.

It is upon you, my Muslim brother, to be diligent in distributing Zakat Al-Fitr that Allah azza wa jal (mighty and majestic) made a purifier for the fasting from the laghw (vain speech) and obscenity before the ‘Eid prayer. You should strive to fulfill your Zakat  from the food of your land in adherence to the direction of the Prophet ﷺ when he made obligatory Zakat Al-Fitr a saa’ (a measurement which is the equivalent of four handfuls) of dates or barley upon the slave, free man, male, female, young, and old Muslim. He ordered that it be fulfilled before the people leave out to the prayer. Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri said, as it comes in Sahih Al-Bukhari, “We used to give out Zakat Al-Fitr as a saa’ of food, barley, dates, yogurt, or raisins.”

‘Eid Al-Fitr is our holiday, the holiday of the Muslims. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said in the story of the two young girls who used to sing for the Prophet ﷺ, “Leave them. For indeed every nation has a holiday and this is our holiday.” [Bukhari]. On the authority of Uqbah ibn Aamir the Prophet ﷺ said, “The day of ‘Arafah (the 9th day of Dhul-Hijja in the Islamic lunar calendar) and Ayaam At-Tashreeq (the 3 days to follow the day of ‘Arafah) are the holidays of the Muslims.”
FROM THE RULINGS AND ETTIQUITES OF ‘EID AL-FITR:

1. The takbeerah (saying of “AllahuAkbar” — Allah is the greatest) on the day of ‘Eid. It starts and finishes with the ‘Eid prayer. Allah ta’ala (the exalted) stated,

“And [Allah wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.” — Surah Al-Baqarah (2) : 185

The way the takbeerah was affirmed upon the Sahabah (radiAllahu‘anhm  — may Allah be pleased with them), “AllahuAkbar! AllahuAkbar! AllahuAkbar Kabeerah!” and “AllahuAkbar! AllahuAkbar! La Ilaha illAllah! AllahuAkbar wa lillahilHmd!” It’s preferable to start with it (the second one). As for other than that from the different takbeerahs I have not found a chain (of narration) for them.

2. Taking a Ghusl (shower) for the ‘Eid prayer, wearing your best clothing, and wearing perfume as well.

3. Eating some dates or other than that before leaving from your house for the ‘Eid Al-Fitr prayer.

4. Verbalizing the takbeerah while going to the ‘Eid prayer.

5. Going to the place of prayer one way and returning a different way.

6. The ‘Eid prayer in an (outdoor) prayer hall (Musallah) is a Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, so be diligent in performing it. And if you prayed in a Masjid for one reason or another then there is no harm.

7. Taking the women and children without leaving anyone, even the menstruating woman and the elderly. He ﷺ ordered the menstruating women to visit the place where the Muslims are praying.

8. Performing the ‘Eid prayer: two rakats (units of prayer), making takbeer (saying AllahuAkbar and raising your hands) seven times (excluding the opening takbeer) and in the second rakat five tabeers before the Fatiha as well. The Imam recites in them Surahs Al-‘Ala and Al-Ghaashiya as it comes in Sahih Muslim on the authority of Nu’man bin Basheer who said, “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ read in the two ‘Eids and Jumu’ahSabbihisma rabika Al-‘Ala’ (Surah Al-‘Ala) and ‘Hel ataaka hadeethul ghaashiya’ (Surah Al-Ghaashiya).”

9. Listening to the khutbah (sermon) that is after the ‘Eid prayer is Sunnah. There is no harm upon those who do not attend the khutbah and stood up (and left) after the prayer.

10. Congratulating is affirmed on the Sahabah (radiAllahu ‘anhu) but it is not affirmed upon the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in any authentic hadeeth. As for on the Sahabah, then it comes in the narration on the authority of Jubayr bin Nafeer who said, “If the companions of the Messenger of Allah met one another on the day of ‘Eid they would say, “Taqabl Allah minna wa minkm — may Allah accept it from us and from you!” [Al-Haafith Ibn Al-Hajr Al-Asqalaani (rahimahullah — May Allah have mercy upon him) said the chain is good].
So be diligent, my Muslim brother, upon staying away from bid’a and disliked acts all the time, as it has been authentically reported upon the Messenger of Allah ﷺ “Every newly invented matter is a bid’a (innovation), every bid’a is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the fire.”

FROM THE BID’A OF ‘EID:

1. Making takbeerah in the Masjid or prayer hall all together where there are two groups, one makes takbeerah and the other answers. This way is something newly invented, and what is desired is that everyone makes takbeerah by himself. If it happens that you end up saying it together, then there is no harm. But the way where one group makes takbeerah and the other listens until their turn comes, then this is a bid’a.

2. Visiting the graves on the day of ‘Eid, and presenting sweets, flowers, and the likes upon the graves, all of that are from the bid’a and newly invented matters that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ did not do. As for visiting the graves without any time specifications, then it is permissible and recommended. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “Visit the graves! For indeed they remind you of the Aakhirah (afterlife).”

3. Exchanging congratulation cards that are called “’Eid cards”. This is from blind following the Christians and their rituals. I heard our Shaykh, the scholar Al-Albaani (may he be immersed in mercy), warned against this. So be diligent, my Muslim brother, to stay away from the way of those who have gained Allah’s anger and misguided so that you will be from the righteous people who tread the Sirat Al-Mustaqeem (straight path).

FROM THE SINS OF ‘EID:

1. The beautification of some men by shaving their beards, what is obligatory is to leave it at all times. It is obligatory that the Muslim thanks his Lord on this day and that he completes his happiness upon obedience, not sin and transgression.

2. The shaking hands between non-family men and women (non-Mahram). This is from the major impermissible acts! It came in an authentic hadeeth, “Indeed being beaten on your head by a piece of metal is better for you than to touch a woman that is not permissible for you to.” [Tabarani and other than him].

3. Extravagantly spending money on fireworks without concern. Its better to spend this money on the poor, widows, orphans, and the needy Muslims. And how many more (in number) and more deserving are they!

4. The wide spread of intoxicants and gambling, in some lands, on the day of ‘Eid; specifically with small children. This is from the major sins and it is upon the fathers to watch after their children on these days and warn them from that.

Taqabal Allah minna wa minkum wa kullu ‘am wa antum bikhayr — May Allah accept it from us and from you and may you be upon goodness all year!

As-Salaamu ‘Alaykum wa RahmatuAllahi wa Barakaatuhu.

Written by: Dr. ‘Aasim ibn Abdullah Al-Qaryuti – 29 Ramadan, 1427 H
Taken from: http://www.saaid.net/mktarat/eid/58.htm


What is the Eid?

In the name of Allaah, the All-Wise, All Mighty. May the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, companions, and those who follow them in goodness until the day of Resurrection. As for what follows;

This is an article that was translated by two of our dear and beloved brothers currently studying at the University of Umm al-Quraa, Ali Davis and Abu Saajid Syid Turks, may Allaah preserve them both, on some of the etiquttes of the ‘Eid. I hope that reading this will be a means of benefit for us all being as though ‘Eid al Adhaa is tommorrow Dhul-Hijjah 10,1432 — November 6,2011.

May Allaah grant us all success and accept our righteous actions. Aameen

http://althamaraat.com/2011/08/30/what-is-the-eid/