Women: Man’s Greatest Tribulation

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Usamah ibn Zayd (radiAllahu ‘anhu — may Allah be pleased with them) narrated that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam — peace be upon him) said, “I have not left after me any fitnah (trial) more harmful upon the men then the women.” [Agreed upon].

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih ibn Al-Uthaymeen (rahimahullah — may Allah have mercy upon him) said explaining this hadith: The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) informed us that he didn’t leave a greater fitnah upon men than women, and that is because people are as Allah ta’ala (the exalted) said:

“Beautified for people is the love of that which they desire – of women and sons, heaped-up sums of gold and silver, fine branded horses, and cattle and tilled land.” — Surah Aali-Imran (3) : 14

All of these are from what has been made beautiful to mankind in this Dunya (worldly life) and became a means of fitnah for them, but women are the greatest fitnah. That is why Allah started his statement with:

“Beautified for people is the love of that which they desire – of women”

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) informed of that intending to warn of women’s fitnah and so that people could be cautious of them. That is because people are human; if they’re presented with the fitnah then they’ll become scared of it.

Benefits of the hadith: It is obligatory to block every avenue of fitnah with women. Also, it’s obligatory for the women to cover themselves from foreign (i.e., non-family) men; covering her face, hands, and legs as many people of knowledge view. It is also obligatory to stay far away from mixing with men because with men is fitnah. It is also a cause for evil from two angles: 1-  from the angle of the men, and 2- from the angle of the women. With this, The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “The best ranks for the men are in the front and the worst are at the end. The best ranks for the women are at the back and the worst are in the front.” That is so that the women is far from the man, and the further they are the better.

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) used to order the women to to go out to the ‘Eid prayer but they don’t mix with the men; rather, they had a specific place. So much so that if the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) gave a khutbah (lecture) to the men and finished he’d go to the woman and advise and remind them. This proves that the women would be in a separate place from the men. This separation, at that time, is from the might of the religion and staying away from transgression; so what about in this time of ours? Therefore, it is obligatory to prevent the fitnah of the women with every means possible and its incumbent to not be tricked by the evil and corrupt people that blind-follow the non-Muslims that call to mixing between men and women. That’s the call of Shaytan (Satain)(a’uthubillah — Allah’s aid we seek), he is the one who beautifies women in the hearts. No doubt the nations that raised the women and made them mix with the men are in a great travesty. I ask Allah to protect the Muslims from evil and fitnah because he’s the al- mighty and al-capable.

Taken from: Sh. Muhammad ibn Saalih ibn Al-Uthaymeen’s explanation of “Riyaadh As-Saaliheem”

Advertisements

Character Building: “From the perfection of one’s Islam is leaving off what doesn’t concern you”

Bismillah!

 

On the authority of Abu Hurairah (radiAllahu ‘anhu — may Allah be pleased with him) said the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam — peace be upon him), “From the perfection of one’s Islam is leaving off that which doesn’t concern him.” [Tirmithi and others]

Shaykh Saalih Aali Shaykh (hafithahullah — may Allah preserve him) said explaining this hadith: The people of knowledge, from them Ibn Abi Zed Al-Qayrawani Al-Maliki[1], have said, “All good characteristics stem from four ahaadeeth (pl. hadith)”, mentioning this hadith as one of them. This hadith is a foundation from the foundations of character. Imam An-Nowawi (in his book “Imam Nowawi’s 40 Hadith”) chose these hadith to be comprehensive of different subjects; so in every subject there’s a foundational principle.

 

In his statement (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), “From the perfection of one’s Islam is leaving off that which doesn’t concern you”, the word from means that some of what makes one’s Islam perfect is leaving off that which doesn’t concern him. This is apparent in the Arabic language.  As for his statement (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), “Perfection of one’s Islam”, this sentence is used in numerous ahaadeeth. From them the statement of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), “If one of you perfects his Islam, then ever good deed that he does will be multiplied by ten times up to seven hundred times. And ever evil deed that he does he is multiplied like it.” In another narration, “If the servant (of Allah) accepts Islam and perfects it then Allah will forgive all of his evil deeds he’d committed. After that the worth of a good deed will be multiplied ten times to seven hundred times, and evil deeds like that (except what Allah pardons).” So these, and other then them, prove that perfecting one’s Islam is a great level and merit.

 

Perfecting Islam is something that the scholars have differed upon into different views:

The first view: That the meaning of perfecting Islam is that the servant upholds the obligatory acts and stays away from the prohibited acts. It is the level of the moderate people that come in the statement of Allah:

“Then we caused to inherit the Book those We have chosen of Our servants; and among them is he who wrongs himself, and among them is he who is moderate, and among them is he who is foremost in good deeds by permission of Allah” — Surah Fatir (35) : 32

Therefore, the person who is moderate upholds the obligatory acts, leaves off the prohibited acts, and puts with the obligatory some supererogatory acts; whoever is like that then surely he’s perfected his Islam.

The second view: That the perfection Islam means that the servant be on the level of perfection in ebadah (worship), as it came in the well known hadith of Jibreel wherein: “He said, ‘Tell me about perfection.” He (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘To worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you don’t see Him then He sees you.’” So, the one who perfects his Islam is the one who’s reached the level of perfection. This second view is apparently complete, but it’s not complete from every aspect.

The third view: That the perfection of Islam is not in one category, rather its in many; so the by the amount [one’s] Islam is perfect he’s have the appropriate merit and reward. This is like his statement (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), “If one of you perfects his Islam, then ever good deed that he does will be multiplied by ten times up to seven hundred times. And ever evil deed that he does he is multiplied like it.” They [i.e., the scholars who hold this view] say that the one who accepts Islam and perfects his Islam then he starts at ten multiples of reward. In other words, his good deed is recorded with ten like it, up to seven hundred times. This is according to the level of perfection of Islam, therefore proving the difference in reward according to the difference of Islam. In other words the level of perfection differs and the people who’ve perfected their Islam differ in they’re level of merit and reward applicably. From the reasons it’ll be increased to seven hundred times be by the perfection of Islam being magnificent. This is what Ibn Umar (radiAllahu ‘anhuma — may Allah be pleased with them both) and other then him said about His statement (‘azza wa jal — mighty and majestic):

“Whoever comes [on the Day of Judgment] with a good deed will have ten times the like thereof [to his credit]” — Surah Al-An’aam (6) : 160

He (Ibn Umar) said, “The one who gets his good deed multiplied by ten is for the Bedouin believers. But as for the one who perfected his Islam, then for him is greater as it comes in His statement (subhaanahu wa ta’ala — glory to him the exalted):

“While if there is a good deed, He multiplies it and gives from Himself a great reward.” — Surah An-Nisa (4) : 40

This is a correct judgment because the people in the perfection of their Islam differ.

The people who check, from the people of knowledge, have concluded and clarified that the perfection of Islam has different levels and is not one level. The people of transgression, meaning the people that oppress themselves, are not the same as the people who perfect their Islam.

 

His statement (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), “From the perfection of one’s Islam is leaving off that which does not concern him”, this action — leaving off that which doesn’t concern you — is from perfecting Islam, and this is apparent in all of the levels. So the one who comes with acts of obedience, stays away from the prohibited, busying him with obeying his Lord superseding that which doesn’t concern him. They’re busying themselves with good deeds apparently and hidden superseding worrying about things that don’t concern them.

 

What is understood from perfection of one’s Islam is placing precedence to what concerns him. And that which doesn’t concern the Muslim from statements that won’t benefit their religion, worldly life, next life, or past, and then leaving it off is from perfecting one’s Islam. This is general and comprehensive to other affairs that don’t benefit. Leaving off that which is does not concern him is a proof that one desires goodness because otherwise you could fall into prohibited actions or leaving off the obligatory.

 

In conclusion, this hadith is from the great ahaadeeth of character and it is necessary for us and obligatory upon us to be diligent in perfecting out Islam because in it is great merit. From perfection of Islam is leaving off that which does not concern you from speech, listening, not asking that does not have purpose, and not looking into people’s affairs what doesn’t have purpose (this one did, that one didn’t do, this one went, and that one came to the end of it). All of this is shameful and cancels the servant’s perfection of Islam if it overcomes him.

 

With that we say: In this hadith is a great commandment in this great characteristic of Al-Mustafa (i.e., the Prophet) (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). Leaving off that which doesn’t concern you leads to correcting the heart and actions. Some of the Salaf said about people who talk a lot between themselves, “Those people don’t have a lot of actions and have a lot of speech.” People who have a lot of speech without actions, sitting in gatherings for long hours talking don’t benefit from it and this is shameful. If the servant pondered over the obligatory actions will find they’re a lot. Some people over do the permissible things, possibly having with it some prohibited speech and actions, leaving off a lot of obligatory acts. This is not from the characteristics of the student of knowledge. The student of knowledge strives for his actions to always be in what benefits him. In other words, in what he was commanded with in the Shari’ah (legislation) or called to, and leaves off that which doesn’t concern him from speech and actions openly and hidden.

 

_______________________

Footnotes:

[1] His full name is Abu Abdullah Muhammad Abdullah ibn Abi Zayd Al-Qayrawani Al-Maliki. He was a major scholar of Maliki Fiqh from Morocco (present day Tunisia) who died 386 H. May Allah have mercy upon him

 

And I send peace and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and his companions.

Summarized from: Sh. Saalih Aali Shaykh’s explanation of Imam Nowawi’s 40 Hadeeth

 

 

Educating and Nurturing our Children

In the name of Allaah, The All-Wise, The Most High. May peace and blessings be upon the last and final messenger, Muhammad, his family, companions and all those who follow them upon goodness. As for what follows;

“Whoever neglects and disregards educating his child that which will benefit him and leaves him to wander about with no direction has indeed wronged him in the worst way. The majority of childrens corruption has come by way of their fathers abandoning and disregarding them along with not teaching them the mandatory and voluntary matters of the religion. Therefore they neglected them while they were young, thus they didn’t gain any benefit for themselves nor did their fathers gain benefit from them when they grew up.”

Al-Imaam Ibn Al-Qayyim, may Allaah have mercy upon him.

Source: Tuhfah Al-Moulood pg.200

The Rights of Elders in Islaam

In the name of Allaah, The Most Gracious, Most Merciful. May peace an blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family ad companions. As for what follows;

The Sheikh ‘Abdur Razzaaq ibn ‘Abdul Muhsin al-Badr, may Allaah preserve them, mentions in his book ‘The rights of Elders in Islaam[1];

Concerning some of the rights of the elders that Islaam has enjoined are as follows:

1: Honoring them: It comes in the prophetic tradition (“…he is not from us he who does not honor our elders”). This is a magnificent statement that comprises many important meanings. The elderly must be honored and treated with importance. He has dignity and regard. This is the core for the fulfillment of these rights. Because the one who doesn’t honor or respect his elders, then naturally it’s impossible to fulfill their rights. Honoring them is the first right and the foundation of executing the rest of them. And it is achieved by having esteem and respect for them in your heart and understanding their rank in the society.

2: Reverence for them: It comes in another narration on the authority of Abu Musa al-Ash’ari, may Allaah be pleased with him, that the Prophet, may peace be upon him, said: “From the signs of ones’ reverence of Allaah is… respecting the elderly muslim ” So you must revere them with all that this phrase comprises of from pleasant speech, fine interactions, kindness, etc.

3: Giving them the greetings of peace first: As it comes in the prophetic tradition “The young should greet the old”. Therefore when you encounter an elderly muslim do not wait until he greets you. Rather rush to give him the salutations of peace with the utmost respect and politeness. Also pay attention to his condition. Whereas if his hearing is still intact then greet him as you would normally, but if his hearing has weakened due to his old-age then greet him appropiately.

4: Polite Speech: When speaking with an elder be sure to call him by courteous names like “Oh Uncle” for instance out of respect for his age. On the authority of Abu Umaamah ibn Sahl, may Allaah be pleased with him, said: “We offered the noon prayer along with ‘Umar ibn ‘Abdul ‘Azeez, may Allaah have mercy upon him. We left and came upon Anas ibn Maalik, may Allaah be pleased with him, and found him praying the forenoon prayer. I asked him: “Oh dear Uncle! Which prayer have you offered?” He said: “The forenoon prayer and this is the time of the prayer of Allaah’s Messenger, may peace be upon him, which we used to pray with him.”

Also on the authority of ‘Abdur Rahman ibn ‘Ouf, may Allaah be pleased with him, who said: “While I was standing in the front line on the day of the battle of Badr, I looked to my right and left and saw two young Ansaar boys and I wished that I had been stronger than than them. One of them asked me, “Oh Uncle, Show me Abu Jahl.” I said: “What will you do to him Oh nephew?” He aid: “I’ve heard that he curses and insults the Messenger, may peace be upon him. By Allaah, I will either kill him or be killed before I do so.”

5: Giving them precedence: The elder is to be given precedence in speech, gatherings, eating, admittance, etc. These are all from their rights.

Taken from the book ‘The rights of Elders in Islaam’ a new publication coming soon inshaallaah.

The Obligation to Be Kind to One’s Parents

Shaykh Abdul-Aziz bin Baaz gave a beautiful reminder about the obligation of being obedient to one’s parents. May Allah make us all from those who when they hear, they obey, ameen!

All praise is due to Allah and peace and salutations upon His messenger and his Messenger’s family, companions, and whomever was guided through them. To proceed:

Indeed Allah ‘azza wa jal (mighty and majestic) compared the rights of parents to His rights in many verses in the Qur’an. For example His statement ‘azza wa jal:

“Worship Allah and associate nothing with Him, and to parents do good” — Surah An-Nisaa (4) : 36

“And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment.” — Surah Al-Israa (17) : 23

“And We have enjoined upon man [care] for his parents. His mother carried him, [increasing her] in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is in two years. Be grateful to Me and to your parents; to Me is the [final] destination.” — Surah Luqmaan (31) : 14

The verses with the same meanings are many, all proving the obligation of being dutiful and kind to ones parents as well as thanking them for the goodness that they did from the mother’s womb all the way to the child’s self-sufficiency.

Being dutiful to them comprises spending on them when needed, listening and obeying them upon goodness, “lowering your wing” (humbling yourself), not raising your voice, addressing them with good words and good manners as Allah ‘azza wa jal said in Surah Bani Israeel,

“And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], “uff,” and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word. And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy and say, “My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up [when I was] small.” — Surah Al-Israa (17) : 23-24

It also comes in the Sahihayn (the two “Sahih” or authentic books — Al-Bukhari and Muslim) that the Prophet ﷺ said when he was asked, “Which act is the best?” He ﷺ said, “Praying at the appropriate time.” It was said, “Then what?” He ﷺ said, “Being dutiful to your parents.” It was said, “Then what?” He ﷺ said, “Fighting for the sake of Allah.”

He ﷺ also said on the authority of Abdullah ibn Umar (radiAllahu ‘anhuma — my Allay have mercy upon the both of them), “The pleasure of Allah is in the pleasure of the parents and the dissatisfaction of Allah is in the dissatisfaction of the parents.” [Tirmithi, authenticated by Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim]. And the Hadith on the obligation of being dutiful and kind to the parents are numerous.

The opposite of obedience is disobedience, and that is from the greatest of major sins. It is affirmed in the Sahihayn that the Prophet ﷺ said, “Should I not inform you of the greatest of major sins?” So it was replied, “For sure O Messenger of Allah!” He ﷺ said, “Associating partners with Allah, being disobedient to your parents…” He was reclining then he sat up and said, “Beware of untruthful speech and false testimonies!” It also comes in the Sahihayn on the authority of Abdullah ibn Amr ibn Al-Aas (radiAllahu ‘anhuma) that the Prophet ﷺ said, “Cursing one’s parents is from the major sins.” And it was said, “O Messenger of Allah, would someone curse his parents?!” He ﷺ replied, “He cursed the mother or father of a man so that man cursed his mother or father.” So the Prophet considered cursing one’s own parents the same as if he cursed someone else’s.

Therefore, it is obligatory upon every Muslim – male and female – to be dutiful and kind to one’s parents. Especially when they are older in age or in need, they require gentleness, diligence and assistance.

Be aware with the utmost awareness of being disobedient and mean to them, whether by speech or actions. And Allah is the one whom we ask to grant the Muslims His pleasure in everything and understanding of the religion; to aid them in being dutiful to their parents and keeping family ties; to grant them refuge from being disobedient, cutting off their kin, and from everything that angers Allah and distances one from His mercy; for indeed He is the one in control and capable of that.

I send peace and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, his family, and companions.

This can be found in its original for at: http://www.binbaz.org.sa/mat/8678

Beware of Overeating! Sh.Fowzaan

In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, Bestower of Mercy. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and companions. As for what follows;

This is an explanation of a hadeeth on the adab of eating.  A look into the harms that can arise from overeating and how it can effect a person’s religion and health.

“Thus, it is incumbent upon an individual to take heed of this prophetic moral and to not be excessive when it comes to eating or his desires. In addition to this, if a person reaches a point where he is extremely greedy regarding food then it is likely that the halaal will not suffice him, hence he will set out seeking the haraam so he can fulfill his (evil) cravings.”
To read the full explanation kindly click here. May Allaah protect us from all that which will harm us whether it be in this life or the next. Aameen!

What are your religious aspirations?

In the name of Allah (The One). I send the peace and blessings upon his messenger (Al-Mustafa), upon his family, companions, and those who follow him in righteousness until The Day of Judgement (Yowm Al-Qiyaamah). To proceed:

[DISCLAIMER] : This was not translated to belittle or speak bad upon any of our scholars and/or students of knowledge. Rather I saw the reply of the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia to be beautiful and beneficial to myself and others. In which he did not mention the name of anyone but gave a general advice.

The caller (Hamdan from Jeddah) asks: “Oh Shaykh, we have a group that call to be upon Salafiyah and they curse the Du’at (callers to Allah) and Mashayikh (scholars). They curse Shaykh A’id Al-Qarni and Shaykh Salman Al-‘Awdah and some of them say that they (those previously mentioned) are misguided and misguide others. So, I would like a clarification for them. And the majority of them are from the students of Shaykh Rab’e Al-Madkhali.”

This is where Shaykh Abdul-Aziz Aali-Shaykh starts his wonderful advice: “Oh my brothers, I want for all of us to fear Allah and not focus on these type of things. If we knew of the prevalence of this then we would rush to correct it. But as for focusing and spreading these things to the pubic, then this is an affair that is not necessary. Because it is not necessary to be between the Muslims these libels and tendencies.

Oh my brothers, whoever wants the truth and uprightness than for him is his paths. And for whoever wants to slander and belittle than this person has his paths. Therefore, the student of knowledge doesn’t matter or busy himself with belittling this one and that one. Rather he busys himself with uprightness and calling to what is good. And all of us make mistakes and the best of people who make mistakes are those who repent [as taken from the Hadith of the Prophet ﷺ]. And not one of us is free from mistakes. Imam Malik said, “Every one of us can be rejected made rejected except for Muhammad ﷺ.” So none of us are free from mistakes but as for dividing the people, “This one is Salafi”, and, “that is Bid’ah (innovation)”, then this is not correct. And for all the brothers that spread knowledge we ask Allah [to grant] them Towfeeq (success), guidance, and longevity. And whoever feels his brother has mistaken then he should advice him and call him. And seek refuge in Allah from partisanship, making of groups, and [a word I didn’t understand].

Everyone has good in them. We remember the statement of Allah,

“Verily, those who divide their religion and break up into sects (all kinds of religious sects), you (O Muhammad ﷺ) have no concern in them in the least.” — Surah Al-An’am 6 : 159

And He [Allah] said,

“Of those who split up their religion (i.e. who left the true Islâmic Monotheism), and became sects, [i.e. they invented new things in the religion (Bid’ah), and followed their vain desires], each sect rejoicing in that which is with it.” — Surah Ar-Room 30 : 32

Thus, oh scholars and callers to Allah, it is necessary for every one of them that his goal to be calling to Allah. His goal being correcting the community and gathering the word [of Allah], strengthening the ranks, and gathering the broken. His goals are not to sink this Muslim community! Not calling to rushing to form the hearts and removing anything that distracts the thought. So that we can gather [upon] the word, make our voice one, and stand together as one hand against whoever wants to tear down our religion, our safety, and our stability, and our finances. As for busying ourselves with belittling each other, this one cursing that one and that one cursing this. All of these affairs do not service any goal or does not actualized any plan. And this is bad! It doesn’t achieve and praiseworthy plan.”

Then the host said: “Indeed! And here also our Shaykh I don’t see it being beneficial mentioning names.”

The Mufti said: “We are not in need of names. I say, these things are not necessary to corrupt the public. It’s necessary to rush to conceal it or if you see a mistake then call the person directly. But as for us on this program we do not need and know people. Rather our goal, Insha Allah (if Allah wills), is to guiding and working together. And we ask Allah to purify our hearts and action. Ameen”

And the peace and blessings are upon our prophet Muhammad, upon his family and companions.

This was translated, to the best of my ability, from this video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8bSJ8K-3y8Y&feature=recentlik